The Makalu Barun National Park is the eighth national park in the Himalayas of Nepal and was established in 1992 as eastern extension of the Sagarmatha National park. High in the heart of the eastern Himalayan, seven valleys radiate from Mt. Makalu, the world’s fifth highest peak.
These valleys, particularly the Barun valley, treasure some of the last remaining pristine forest and alpine meadows of Nepal. From the bottom of the Arun valley, at just 435 m above sea level, the Himalayas rise to the snow-capped tip of Makalu 8463 m within a 40 km distance. Within this wide range of altitudes and climates, the Makalu-Barun area contains some of the richest and most diverse pockets of plants and animals in Nepal, elsewhere lost to spreading human habitation.
Nestled in the lower reaches of these valleys are communities of Rai, Sherpa, and Shingsawa (Bhotia) farmers. Though economically poor and isolated, they retain a rich cultural heritage. They hold the key to the preservation of the unique biological and cultural treasures of the Makalu Barun area.
Its northern border overlaps the international border to the Tibet Autonomous Region and its southern and southeastern border is close to the buffer zone Makalu Barun Conservation Area covering an area of 830km2. The national park accommodates the fifth highest mountain of the world, Makalu, standing proudly at the height of 8,463m along with Chamalang (7,319m), Baruntse (7,129m) and Mera(6,654m) peaks.
The idea of conserving the cultural and biological features of Makalu Barun area was initiate in the 1984 by the then president of The Mountain Institute Daniel C. Taylor after his two decades long search for the Yeti. However, the prints allegedly believe to be of Yeti belonged to young Asiatic Black Bear.
How to get there?
By flight: Take a daily flight from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar. Once you’ve landed, the park is easily accessible from their via road.
By Bus: The distance between Kathmandu to Hile is 514 Km by road. It is about 10 hrs drive from Kathamndu and 3 day trek to Tumlingtar from there. You can also reach Inkhu valley of Makalu Barun. Or you can also fly to Lukla and trek to Makalu Barun National Park.
Where to stay?
Around the National park hotel and resort facilities are easily available. As well as there is the facilities for camping and tent house.